Broad-Spectrum vs. Full-Spectrum CBD: The Difference | Curatio
by Lexa W. Lee
The market for cannabidiol (CBD) products has grown rapidly and is highly competitive. With so many manufacturers and products, choosing among them can be a daunting task for consumers — even if they’re not new to what’s out there. The prices can be eyebrow-raising, but that’s no guarantee of quality. New research and new products are coming out all the time. What’s a person supposed to do?
Educating yourself is an important step. At some point in your search for information, you will come across the terms full-spectrum and broad-spectrum which are used to describe different preparations of CBD oil that can vary significantly.
Full-Spectrum CBD vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD
A full-spectrum CBD oil includes all the phytocannabinoids and other medicinal compounds in the plant, such as terpenes, flavonoids, phenols, esters, proteins and triglycerides. This type of CBD oil is intended to provide the benefits of the whole plant. Together, the constituents work synergistically to produce what is known as the “entourage effect.”
Broad-spectrum CBD oil is made through a distillation process that remedies all of the medicine with the exception of the cannabinoids. The terpenes, flavonoids and triglycerides are all removed in the process. THC remediation process is performed which not only strips out the THC, but it also removes many of the secondary cannabinoids. This typically leaves the oil with only CBD and possibly trace amounts of secondaries.
Curatio’s proprietary ratio of CBD and a more than 15 percent profile of cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabidivarin (CBDV), plus terpenes and triglycerides delivers a complete full-spectrum oil. This content includes more than 3 percent CBN which Curatio includes as a non-psychoactive alternative to THC, which, by law, cannot exceed 0.3 percent in hemp.
Curatio’s THC-Free CBD
Curatio is a THC-free CBD oil made from a proprietary, non-GMO hemp grown in Colorado. The oil is unique because it provides full-spectrum results without the psychoactive effects of THC. When THC is exposed to heat and light, it slowly turns to CBN. Curatio uses a patented oxidation process to transform the THC in its hemp to CBN in a 1:1 conversion. Like THC, CBN plays an important role in producing the entourage effect and binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors without the psychoactive effects of THC.
As a full-spectrum CBD formula with 3 percent CBN, Curatio is more powerful than other products which contain only 0.3 percent THC — the legal limit. In addition, special processing techniques like nanoemulsion also contribute to its greater potency.
Since CBD oil is hydrophobic (it tends to repel or fail to mix with water), the fact that it is not well absorbed in the gut means it’s not nearly as potent as it could be. You need more to achieve the desired results. Curatio uses sonification to shear the oil into tiny drops of 40 nanometers that can disperse in a water-soluble carrier. The nanoemulsion technique boosts absorption even before the product reaches the stomach, increasing its uptake by five to 10x. This greater absorption results in more rapid onset and longer duration of action, so that smaller doses can achieve the same benefits.
All Curatio products are tested three times by an independent lab to ensure they are THC-free and meet strict standards of potency, purity and consistency.
Lexa W. Lee is a former family physician, research fellow in immunology, lecturer and medical journalist. She also writes about consumer health issues.